From Memetics
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Short for technological memes.

Coined by Susan Blackmore, in her book The Meme Machine (2000)

Susan Blackmore[edit]

The third replicator as defined by susan blackmore.[1]

They are digital information stored, copied, varied and selected by machines. We humans like to think we are the designers, creators and controllers of this newly emerging world but really we are stepping stones from one replicator to the next.

The information itself is also different, consisting of highly stable digital information stored and processed by machines rather than living cells. This, I submit, signals the emergence of temes and teme machines, the third replicator.[2]

So the new teme machines will do the same, only faster. Indeed we might see our current ecological troubles not as primarily our fault, but as the inevitable consequence of earth’s transition to being a three-replicator planet.

We willingly provide ever more energy to power the Internet, and there is enormous scope for teme machines to grow, evolve and create ever more extraordinary digital worlds, some aided by humans and others independent of them. We are still needed, not least to run the power stations, but as the temes proliferate, using ever more energy and resources, our own role becomes ever less significant, even though we set the whole new evolutionary process in motion in the first place.


In a sense they are self replicating digital entities, with machines as hosts.

One could consider as bitcoin as being a teme, but any information stored on a website and changing is a teme.